Hungarian TP rules are to change significantly in accordance with the bill submitted to the Hungarian Parliament in the summer of 2022.
By modifying the Hungarian Corporate and Dividend Tax Act, the proposal clarifies the definition of the arm’s length price and the arm’s length range in connection with Transfer Pricing. The newly introduced concepts are in line with the definitions of the OECD Guidelines, which were already considered authoritative anyway, so their introduction only represents a technical, not a substantive change.
As a brand-new reporting rule, taxpayers subject to the Transfer Pricing documentation obligation must also report data in connection with determining arm’s length prices in their corporate tax returns. Taxpayers have already had to prepare their Transfer Pricing documentation parallel to their corporate tax returns in any case, but this documentation did not have to be submitted together with the tax return. The data reporting obligation shall apply to tax returns submitted after December 31, 2022.
The use of the interquartile range will be compulsory or expected more widely than at present (in certain cases a minimum-maximum range was acceptable).
Based on the new provisions, if the price applied falls into the arm’s length range, there is no scope for a Transfer Price adjustment, the consideration should be deemed the arm’s length price. If the consideration applied is outside the arm’s length range, as a rule, only the median can be considered as the arm’s length price, and the Transfer Pricing adjustment must be made to this point. The exception to this is if the taxpayer verifies that a value within the range other than the median reflects the transaction under review the best, in which case an adjustment should be made to that value instead of the median.
The provisions defining the amended interquartile rule and the adjustment point are first to be applied when establishing the tax liability for the fiscal year starting in 2022.
To prevent the tax authority from making findings contradicting the future resolution determining the arm’s length price, the Act on Rules of Taxation excludes the ordering of tax inspections against taxpayers during the procedure for determining the arm’s length price (APA procedures). The amendment clarifies that this prohibition only applies to full scope tax inspections resulting in an audited period. The legislator also specifies an exception for checks prior to disbursements, to detect unauthorised tax claims and refunds and to make informed decisions on the legality of payments.
Based on the new Hungarian Transfer Pricing rules, the default penalty is to increase significantly. For missing or incomplete Transfer Pricing documentation, the maximum fine will increase from HUF 2 million to HUF 5 million, and for repeated infringements from HUF 4 million to HUF 10 million.
Because of the amendment of the Act on Rules of Taxation, the fee for the procedure to establish the arm’s length price (APA) will also rise. It will be HUF 5 million in unilateral proceedings and HUF 8 million in bilateral or multilateral proceedings. Payment in instalments or deferred payments are not permitted.
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